Demand driven innovatión in Chile: but whose demand is driving it? An analysys of a Chilean mechanism for funding small scale farmers innovatión.
AuthorGonzález-Herrera, Ninoska de Las Nieves
Chile has a semi-privatised technology transfer programme regarded as a market-oriented system. With semi —privatised is meant that government finances extension services, but the delivery of it is contracted out to private companies (Kidd et al., 2000). However, Bebbington and Sotomayor (1998) argue that there is only limited evidence that the Chilean system of pnvatisation has had a positive impact on farm incomes or on enhancing the extent... Ver más
Chile has a semi-privatised technology transfer programme regarded as a market-oriented system. With semi —privatised is meant that government finances extension services, but the delivery of it is contracted out to private companies (Kidd et al., 2000). However, Bebbington and Sotomayor (1998) argue that there is only limited evidence that the Chilean system of pnvatisation has had a positive impact on farm incomes or on enhancing the extent to which services are demand - led. In the processes of demand - driven innovation the farmers are the clients, who express their wishes, which lead the process of innovation. In this case the meaning of 'demand' refers to the interest that clients have in certain services and contents, and the questions clients pose (Leeuwis, 2004). It is assumed that in the semi —privatised system, the priorities and needs of farmers are taken into account in order to generate an agenda of agricultural research that aims to support innovation. The Chilean state policy for agnculture until 2010 seeks to achieve a productive transformation and modernization of the agrarian sector, oriented at quality products in order to increase competitiveness and profitability of agricultura! production. This objective also seeks a sustainable and balanced development together with the farmers of all the agricultural regions in the country. In order to achieve this, the innovation support services of the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) (fine in total) proposed certain guidelines for this achievement. This research is an explorative one, which seeks to understand how in practice the objective of transformation and modernization of Chilean agriculture is carried out at moment. The research aims to identify the needs for innovation that exist amongst the vanous actors involved in the innovation "system" at regional level, and how convergence is achieved amongst the different actors (stakeholder) on a specific research agenda. It is a case study in the VII-th Region of Chile; Region del Maule. The study was executed through the Regional Secretary of Agriculture in Talca, which is the regional representative of the Minister of Agriculture. The units of analysis are specific projects financed by FIA (Fundación para la Innovación Agraria - Fund for Agranan Innovation). This is a foundation dependent on the Ministry of Agriculture, and finances projects aimed at agrarian innovation through competitive grant system. Seven projects were chosen, the diversity of seven projects was considered as an irnportant factor to understand how the negotiation process in the different partnerships was carried out. The seven projects chosen were projccts executed by two regional universities (Catholic University of Maule and University of Talca), one NGO (Fundación CRATE), one Municipality (Municipalidad de San Javier), one Farmer Association (Sociedad Apícola Verkruisen), one by a public research centre (INIA, Cauquenes) and one private research centre (Bio—insumos Nativa). The methodology used is qualitative, consisting of in-depth interviews and participant observation. Ver menos
Date de publicación2005