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dc.contributor.advisorStichweh, Rudolf
dc.creatorValenzuela Arteaga, Fernando Andrés
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation offers a qualitative meta-synthesis of the history of painting in colonial central Andes from the point of view of the theory of social systems put forward by Niklas Luhmann. Assuming this author's central insight regarding the observation of art as a social phenomenon – namely, that art is a form of communication inasmuch as it triggers a search for meaning that is used as a basis for further communications or behaviours (artistic or otherwise) – this research attempts to answer the question: How did paintings trigger a search for meaning in this region of western South America from the second half of the sixteenth century to the eighteenth century and what societal conditions made this form of communication probable? I propose that, in a peripheral context in which the evolution of art was not guided by a differentiated artistic memory, painting constituted itself as communication through the tight coupling of forms in the medium that was made available by the ornamentation of symbols. Even though different modalities of painting could be directed to different audiences according to a primarily stratified differentiation of society, this medium established a common denominator for what could be expected from painting in both sides of the social hierarchy, establishing which variations in painting could be successful in the central Andes during most of the colonial period. Art participated in a sphere of social reality in which every experience or action could be communicated as contingent in the light of transcendence, so that it triggered a search for meaning that was religious proper. Thus a shift in the system of reference of sociocultural evolution has to be expected when comparing the colonial periphery with the European metropolis in this epoch. In the central Andes, “modern” pictures that corresponded to a form of art that already aimed towards autonomy posed interesting innovations for a program of ornamentation of symbols when proving themselves against a mainly religious and moral representation of the world. What art historical texts highlight as moments of artistic globalism that set the evolution of colonial art in motion –such as the works of the Italian mannerist masters Bitti, Perez de Alesio and Medoro, and those of Basilio de Santa Cruz Pumacallao – constituted accidents that didn't lead to the formation of social structures in the direction of a differentiated system of art. However, for sociocultural evolution, these were not altogether failed variations, as they were soon adopted by series of parasitic ornamental systems: heteronomous ornamental systems that were built based on other systems, the internal operations of which already aimed towards autonomy.es_CL
dc.relationinstname: Conicyt
dc.relationreponame: Repositorio Digital RI2.0
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile*
dc.titlePainting as a form of communication in colonial central Andes. Variations on the form of ornamental art in early world societyes_CL
dc.typeTesis Doctorado
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity Of Lucernees_CL
dc.subject.oecd1nCiencias Socialeses_CL

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